Quantum Physics


Intrinsic Vector Potential and Electromagnetic Mass

Authors: Richard Shurtleff

Electric charges may have mass in part or in full because they charged. Supplying details is the electromagnetic mass problem. Here, the charge's mass is associated with intrinsic quantum mechanical quantities so that the classical problems with extended charge distributions, for example, are irrelevant. An intrinsic vector potential is defined, based on intrinsic linear momentum. The charge-electromagnetic field interaction energy is gauge-dependent and the needed mass term is placed with the interaction energy in the intrinsic gauge. Traditional electromagnetism retains its gauge invariance. The field equations make no new predictions since all dynamic dependence on intrinsic quantities can be gauged away. The field equations describe a massive, charged 4-spinor Dirac electron-like particle and an uncharged, massless neutrino-like particle, formulas that have been a part of physics for nearly a century.

Comments: 15 page article plus 10 page Mathematica notebook

Download: PDF

Submission history

[v1] 2019-11-21 08:02:36

Unique-IP document downloads: 18 times

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