Relativity and Cosmology

   

New Insights into Black Holes – Including, No Particle Evaporation & Detecting Their Internal Structure

Authors: S.C. Gaudie

ABSTRACT Unfortunately, this theory contradicts a theory of someone I greatly admire; Stephen Hawking. I emailed him a few questions in the past, that I thought only he could answer! This theory assumes that:- #1 Quantum tunneling, negative energy, mass or particles does not exist when it comes to “particle emission” from “WITHIN a black hole”. #2 Matter-energy cannot be created or destroyed. #3 Matter-energy cannot be emitted from WITHIN the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #4 Electro-magnetic radiation cannot be emitted from WITHIN the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #5 Gravity cannot be created or destroyed. #6 Gravity can be “emitted” from WITHIN the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #7 Information (from information theory) cannot be created or destroyed. #8 Information (from information theory) can be “emitted” from WITHIN the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #9 Electrons & positrons are EMITTED from the energy just outside the event horizon of the black hole! (Only half of the “energy that is converted to mass” is EMITTED. The other half is ADDED TO THE MASS OF THE BLACK HOLE!) #10 A black hole GAINS MASS from the energy just outside the event horizon, whilst “emitting” electrons & protons! #11 The only “entropy energy” that is “allowed” to be “emitted” from WITHIN the 3 space-dimensional event horizon of a black hole is gravitational energy! #12 Black holes “emit gravitational energy”! This “emitted radiation” should reduce the mass of a black hole! #13 To create an electron-positron pair there would be minimum values required for these values:- (a) amount of energy; (b) energy density; (c) energy density gradient. #14 The matter spiraling in towards the black hole could continue inwards, through the event horizon, looking like a hurricane. #15 The “eye of the storm” of the black hole could be “mostly mass free”; i. e. the central “singularity” could be mostly “mostly mass free”. #16 The “lumpiness” of matter just inside a galactic black hole’s event horizon could be measured by the “gravity probes” of changes in the orbital movements of its nearby stars. #17 The “gravity probe analysis” of the masses moving within the black holes, would also reveal their angular momentum. #18 Our universe could come from the collapse of a “super-super star” in a previous universe, transferring “our mass & energy”, through its event horizon, into our universe! #19 The transfer would start quickly, proceed quickly, end quickly, when the “pre-universe’s star” ran out of matter- energy around its event horizon, or our universe expanded beyond the “pre-universe’s star’s” “energy-matter region” outside its event horizon! The “matter-energy” transferred would be very homogeneous , leading to the very even cosmic microwave background radiation that we see today! #20 absolute measurements are where only “one measurement” is needed for “a measurement” e. g. mass, charge, temperature. #21 relative measurements are where “two measurements” are needed for “a measurement”; it needs a start & stop to create “a measurement” #22 The pre-universe star’s universe properties – could have absolute measurements of matter-energy (& maybe 1 space dimension & 2 time dimensions that were “incompatible with our space & time dimensions) #23 Our universe, before the merger, could have been balanced with 3 space dimensions & 3 time dimensions. #24 The merger then ADDED 1 “different” space dimension (only evidence; gravity sidesteps the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole & our universe is expanding like a 4 dimensional sphere (all points see the same expansion! #25 In the merger of the time dimensions, the two time dimensions from the “pre-universe star’s universe” cancelled out or destroyed two of our three dimensions of time!

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[v1] 2019-10-07 21:11:27

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