Authors: George Rajna
University of Tokyo researchers have announced a new approach for electrical cooling without the need for moving parts.  When electrons that repel each other are confined to a small space, they can form an ordered crystalline state known as a Wigner crystal.  A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India.  Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal.  This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. 
Comments: 48 Pages.
[v1] 2019-10-05 05:54:38
Unique-IP document downloads: 7 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.