Set Theory and Logic


Refutation of the Hol/isabelle Rejection of E.j. Lowe’s Modal Ontological Argument

Authors: Colin James III

Of 20 equations evaluated, 16 are not tautologous. This effectively refutes Lowe’s proof, as rendered by the authors. This also invalidates the authors’ rejection of Lowe’s proof due to incompleteness (six of Lowe’s conclusions are dismissed without evaluation) and due to an interactive, trial by error approach to reconstruct Lowe. Therefore an ideal showcase for the computer-assisted interpretive method using HOL/Isabelle failed. These results form another non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.

Comments: 5 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at

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Submission history

[v1] 2019-06-17 16:18:42

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