Quantum Physics

   

宏观物质颗粒的波粒二象性

Authors: 叶明山

对于波粒二象性的本质,不同的学派有不同诠释。其中的隐变量诠释、导波诠释、随机过程诠释等都认为波粒二象性的产生有更深层的原因。根据这些诠释推论,宏观物体也可以呈现明显的波粒二象性。作者做了“粉末颗粒的圆孔衍射实验”:使一些质量相等、形状相同的粉末颗粒一颗一颗地通过一个圆孔自由下落到一个平面上,起初粉末颗粒在箱内平板上杂乱无章的分布,而随着落下的粉末颗粒数量增多,就逐渐呈现出由几个同心环组成的图样。实验结果表明波粒二象性不是微观粒子独有的特性,宏观物体也可以有波粒二象性。这个实验结果有助于揭示波粒二象性的本质。

Comments: 4 Pages. 宏观物质颗粒的波粒二象性

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Submission history

[v1] 2019-05-09 21:47:40

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