Classical Physics


Redefining the Electron (Part 2): The Implications for Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson

The Spin Torus Energy Model (STEM) was introduced in Part 1 of the ‘Redefining the Electron’ series to define the structure of electrons and positrons so as to explain the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. In Part 2, STEM is extended to define a structure Preons, quarks and nucleons and to explore the nuclear structure of atoms. The atomic model developed provides explanations for the physical characteristics and different allotropic forms of elements in the Periodic Table, their various bonding geometries, and for electron capture and beta decay. The third and final paper provides a STEM explanation for the particle-wave nature of EMR, spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, and Gravity.

Comments: 25 Pages. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) introduces STEM: a link to it is provided in the abstract of the pdf paper Part 2.

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Submission history

[v1] 2019-04-12 21:57:24

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