Artificial Intelligence


Structure Composing Layer: A New Type of Layer to Deep and Speed Up Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: Guangqun Chen

In this paper a new type of layer named Structure Composing Layer (SCLayer) aims to reduce parameters' numbers and decrease computation cost is proposed. SCLayer combines simple structures into complex structure with less parameters. Compared to convolution layer with filter kernel size 3x3, SCLayer reduces parameters' numbers to 1/9 of convolution layer's. Based on VGG-16 with SCLayers a neural network, named Snowflake Net (SfNet), is designed and evaluated on dataset CIFAR-10 and CALTECH-256. Experiment results show that comparing with VGG-16 training time reduces more than 12.9%, classification accuracy increases about 0.18% on CIFAR-10, classification accuracy increases about 3.11% on CALTECH-256. During training process nonlinear phenomenon Accuracy Valley is observed. Influences of nonlinear phenomena on models' generalization are discussed.

Comments: 18 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2019-01-30 16:45:00
[v2] 2019-02-03 18:15:09
[v3] 2019-02-12 16:03:29

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