Relativity and Cosmology


Hypothesis Based on the Theory on the Motion Related to the Expanding Space

Authors: Dino Bruniera

In “Theory on the Motion Related to the Expanding Space”, published on November 2nd, 2018, I affirmed that from it we can derive some hypotheses on the various phenomena of the Universe. And now, with this paper, I propose to expose these hypotheses, which explain various phenomena of the Universe in a way compatible with said theory and more consistent with the observations compared to that currently supported by the Scientific Community. Here are, in short, the hypotheses. The Universe is exclusively composed of an infinity of space quanta, which tend to expand and thus cause the Universe to expand. Matter manifests on sets of space quanta, which are compressed and thus enabling the neighbouring quanta, and later the quanta further apart, to expand further. Gravity is due to the phenomenon that each object tends to move towards the more expanded space quanta and, therefore, towards other objects. The expansion of space is seen from General Relativity, as the curvature of the space-time, therefore, since it is the same phenomenon, the same physical laws are applied. I also present a modification to the universal gravity formula, to make it compatible with this model of the Universe. Speed of light depends on the degree of expansion of space quanta in the locations in which it transits, meaning that the greater the expansion, the lower the speed. But since also clocks move more or less rapidly according to their degree of expansion, speed of light results always the same at any location. Therefore, in the past, when the degree of expansion of space quanta was minor, speed of light was greater. The motion of a material object depends on its configuration and on the compression of the space quanta of the locations where it transits. This hypothesis could explain motions like those of the EmDrive. Cosmological redshift is due to the speed of the location in which the celestial object receiving photons, is moving, compared to the location in which the celestial object emitting it, has moved, in a Universe in decelerating expansion. In support of this hypothesis, I present two tables that simulate the journey of the photons of a high-redshift galaxy and that of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. I also present a formula for calculating the apparent brightness, compatible with the observations of type Ia supernovae with high redshift. Moreover, I demonstrate that considering that the cosmological redshift is due to the expansion of space, as the Scientific Community currently supports, the apparent brightness of celestial objects with high redshift, cannot be justified. And since the cosmological redshift is considered as a factor of expansion of space, to respect what claim the Special Relativity, said apparent brightness not only doesn’t prove that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, but shows that the Special Relativity is not compatible with the observations and, therefore, is falsified.

Comments: 24 pages -In this version I added a paragraph on the motion of a material object in the expanding space, which could explain motions like those of the EmDrive.

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Submission history

[v1] 2018-11-03 03:42:50
[v2] 2018-11-07 03:24:11
[v3] 2018-11-13 03:29:18
[v4] 2019-01-31 16:27:09

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