Relativity and Cosmology


Non-Vibrating Energy Strings as Fundamental Building Blocks of Space and Particles

Authors: Albert Zur Ph.D

A new theory is proposed describing one-dimensional, open-ended, cumulative, deformable and non-vibrating energy strings as fundamental building blocks for space and particles. The energy strings bear an intrinsic longitudinal momentum which causes each end of a string to expand or contract. The ends of space energy strings expand or contract in opposing directions. Empty-space of the universe is composed of space energy strings and bears dark-energy as well as a newly described dark-momentum. Particle energy strings have ends that expand and contract in the same direction, resulting in net translatory displacement. Particles are composed of particle energy strings which interact with space, inducing 3D-space curvatures embedded in a flat 4D-space. These space curvatures define a longitudinal and a transverse direction of particles and the gravity of particles. The theory provides a universal description of space and particles using similar building blocks, with the following predictions: 1)A newly-defined dark-momentum is the sole contributor to the cosmological constant in Einstein field equations. Energy of the Quantum vacuum is no longer relevant to the cosmological constant, solving the "Cosmological Constant Problem". The new theory also supports the possibility of an expanding-contracting cyclic universe. 2)All particles perform an equal distance of translatory displacement in 4D-space, reflecting a universal displacement rate of particles relative to a generally Euclidian absolute 4D-space. 3)Frames of 3D-space+time are mixed domains: 3 spatial coordinates of position-space and a temporal coordinate of momentum-space, whereby space longitudinally displaces over mass particles and is observed as proper time. Time is a displacement property of mass particles, and frames of 3D-space+time are the perspective by which mass particles experience 4D-space. In frames of 3D-space+time, the position-space of the temporal dimension is inaccessible. 4)In frames of 3D-space+time, the displacement of particles in 4D-space can only be observed by their projection components into the temporal and the spatial coordinates of the frames. The projected displacement components of a particle form a Lorentz 4-vector, which transforms between inertial frames by the Lorentz matrix and its inverse, irrespective of position. This establishes the basis for a Quantum compatible theory of Relativity represented in the momentum-space.

Comments: 17 Pages.

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[v1] 2018-08-20 11:45:49

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