Authors: George Rajna
The brain requires surprisingly little energy to adapt to the environment to learn, make ambiguous recognitions, have high recognition ability and intelligence, and perform complex information processing.  One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity.  Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain.  Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression.  UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another.  Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease.  A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops.  A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system.  Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function.  The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design.  But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). 
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[v1] 2018-07-29 08:22:58
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