Authors: Antonio Puccini
As it is known, unlike Argon-40 (Ar1840) and stable isotopes (Ar1838 e Ar1836), Argon-37(Ar1837) is unstable, in fact it is radioactive and decays in 35 days. Thus, in order to regain stability, Ar1837 makes one of its protons (P) to capture an electron (e) from its own atom. It follows that, leaving unchanged the value of its atomic mass (A = 37), this isotope undergoes the transformation of a P into a neutron (N), whereby its atomic number (Z) drops by one unit(Z=17). As known, as the atomic number of an element varies, its chemical properties vary too, so much so that the Ar1837 is transmuted into another element: the Cl1737. All this due to the electron capture occurred in Ar1837 and represented as follows: e + P N + e(1), where with e we mean an electronic neutrino. At this point, however, it would be reasonable to wonder: where did this e come from? It is as if in this equation some intermediate passage was omitted. One of the phenomena that are very often accompanied by electron capture, is the so-called photoannihilation, characterized by the materialization of electro-magnetic radiation (γ), with consequent production of pairs (particle-antiparticle), such as: γ ῡe + e. If we consider this phenomenon, Eq. (1) should be integrated as follows: e + P + ῡe.+ e ↔ N + e(2). Let's try to read backwards Eq.(2), omitting the e placed in both members of the equation: N e , P , ῡe(3). It is surprising: Eq.(3) shows exactly the decay products of N or negative β-decay (βd). According to Pauli and Fermi the 3rd particle or ῡe added in βd (Eq.3), had to have the mass of e; instead the ῡe weighs 0.00001 electronic masses. If we assumed that the 3rd particle, indirectly detected, as with the Cherenkov Effect, was an anti-neutral electron (ē°) sufficiently accelerated, it would compensate for the unsolved mass gap problem of βd, corresponding to 0.5110.78281 MeV.
Comments: 15 Pages.
[v1] 2018-06-28 02:59:53
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