Argon-37 ↔ Chlorum-37 Transformations

Authors: Antonio Puccini

As it is known, unlike Argon-40 (Ar1840) and stable isotopes (Ar1838 e Ar1836), Argon-37(Ar1837) is unstable, in fact it is radioactive and decays in 35 days. Thus, in order to regain stability, Ar1837 makes one of its protons (P) to capture an electron (e) from its own atom. It follows that, leaving unchanged the value of its atomic mass (A = 37), this isotope undergoes the transformation of a P into a neutron (N), whereby its atomic number (Z) drops by one unit(Z=17). As known, as the atomic number of an element varies, its chemical properties vary too, so much so that the Ar1837 is transmuted into another element: the Cl1737. All this due to the electron capture occurred in Ar1837 and represented as follows: e + P  N + e(1), where with e we mean an electronic neutrino. At this point, however, it would be reasonable to wonder: where did this e come from? It is as if in this equation some intermediate passage was omitted. One of the phenomena that are very often accompanied by electron capture, is the so-called photoannihilation, characterized by the materialization of electro-magnetic radiation (γ), with consequent production of pairs (particle-antiparticle), such as: γ  ῡe + e. If we consider this phenomenon, Eq. (1) should be integrated as follows: e + P + ῡe.+ e ↔ N + e(2). Let's try to read backwards Eq.(2), omitting the e placed in both members of the equation: N  e , P , ῡe(3). It is surprising: Eq.(3) shows exactly the decay products of N or negative β-decay (βd). According to Pauli and Fermi the 3rd particle or ῡe added in βd (Eq.3), had to have the mass of e; instead the ῡe weighs 0.00001 electronic masses. If we assumed that the 3rd particle, indirectly detected, as with the Cherenkov Effect, was an anti-neutral electron (ē°) sufficiently accelerated, it would compensate for the unsolved mass gap problem of βd, corresponding to 0.5110.78281 MeV.

Comments: 15 Pages.

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[v1] 2018-06-28 02:59:53

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