Authors: Julian Williams
The fundamental particles can be formed from infinite superpositions with mass borrowed from a Higgs type scalar field, but energy also borrowed from the spatial component of zero point fields. At high energies this is from local invariant fields, but at cosmic wavelengths from the receding horizon. We explore relating this with gravity and find that it only works in an exponentially expanding (in the matter era only)flat on average universe.This may relate with the present discrepancy in the different ways of measuring the Hubble parameter. Expansion in the radiation era is constant. Whether different regions of the early Universe were in causal contact or not, they expand uniformly, except for initial quantum fluctuations. There is no need for inflation for this to be so.
Comments: 127 Pages. A much better explanation of why the ideas proposed in this paper don't require initial inflation.
Unique-IP document downloads: 116 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.