Authors: Julian Williams
The fundamental particles can be formed from infinite superpositions with mass borrowed from a Higgs type scalar field, but energy also borrowed from the spatial component of zero point fields. At high energies this is from local invariant fields, but at cosmic wavelengths from the receding horizon. We explore relating this with gravity and find that it only works in an exponentially expanding (in the matter era only)flat on average universe.This may relate with the present discrepancy in the different ways of measuring the Hubble parameter. Expansion in the radiation era is constant. Whether different regions of the early Universe were in causal contact or not, they expand uniformly, except for initial quantum fluctuations. There is no need for inflation for this to be so.
Comments: 127 Pages. A much better explanation of why the ideas proposed in this paper don't require initial inflation.
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