Authors: George Rajna
In batteries, fuel cells or technical coatings, central chemical processes take place on the surface of electrodes which are in contact with liquids. During these processes, atoms move over the surface, but how this exactly happens has hardly been researched.  A team of scientists from across the U.S. has found a new way to create molecular interconnections that can give a certain class of materials exciting new properties, including improving their ability to catalyze chemical reactions or harvest energy from light.  A team of scientists including Carnegie's Tim Strobel and Venkata Bhadram now report unexpected quantum behavior of hydrogen molecules, H2, trapped within tiny cages made of organic molecules, demonstrating that the structure of the cage influences the behavior of the molecule imprisoned inside it.  A potential revolution in device engineering could be underway, thanks to the discovery of functional electronic interfaces in quantum materials that can self-assemble spontaneously.  Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson.  Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass.  In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space.  Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite.  Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale.  Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light.  The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. 
Comments: 50 Pages.
[v1] 2018-05-02 09:11:31
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