Authors: Blair Macdonald
Current greenhouse theory is incomplete: it does not include Raman spectroscopy and is incorrectly based on the special group of ‘Tyndall’ greenhouse gases, which are really the thermoelectric (TE-IR) gases, as detected only by thermoelectric transducers. It’s premise: ‘the non-GHGs Nitrogen and Oxygen do not absorb or emit infrared radiation’ presents a paradox, it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute 00 Kelvin radiates IR photons. These (above) molecules possess quantum predicted emission spectra within the IR range of the EMS – at 2338cm-1 and 1556cm-1 respectively – but are only observed, and temperatures from them measured, by Raman Spectrometers, ‘IR spectrometers’ complement instrument. This was investigated by quantum and thermoelectric theory and application. A report of Raman spectrometer measurements on jet engine outlet temperatures and gas concentrations was referring to, and the following conclusions made: 1) all Raman modes (the non-GHGs) are temperature/radiation equivalent to ‘IR- active modes with respect to – and complying with – the Boltzmann and Planck’s constant, and quantum spectroscopy theory; 2) in support, H2O’s 3659cm-1 mode is both TE-IR and Raman equivalent – supporting the ‘equipartition’ principle; and CO2’s temperature can be measured by both instruments independently through its shared modes; 3) the special (1%) greenhouse gases, discovered by Tyndall in ca. 1859, are really the thermoelectric gases, detected only by receiving (non-radiating) thermo-electric transducers; 4) ‘IR’ spectroscopy is also based on these thermoelectric transducers, and as a consequence ‘IR’ spectrographs show only the spectra modes with electric dipoles and not Raman; 5) N2, when radiated at its 2338cm-1 mode, is (long lasting) metastable, and is essential to the operation of a CO2 Laser: from this mechanism, it was concluded – contrary to current greenhouse theory – atmospheric CO2 is heated by the same mechanism; 6) all the atmosphere absorbs heat directly from the Sun – just as with the oceanic euphotic layer.
Comments: 101 Pages.
[v1] 2018-04-25 07:22:26
Unique-IP document downloads: 51 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.