Authors: Blair Macdonald
Current greenhouse theory is incomplete: it does not include Raman spectroscopy and is incorrectly based on the special group of ‘Tyndall’ greenhouse gases, which are really the thermoelectric (TE-IR) gases, as detected only by thermoelectric transducers. It’s premise: ‘the non-GHGs Nitrogen and Oxygen do not absorb or emit infrared radiation’ presents a paradox, it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute 00 Kelvin radiates IR photons. These (above) molecules possess quantum predicted emission spectra within the IR range of the EMS – at 2338cm-1 and 1556cm-1 respectively – but are only observed, and temperatures from them measured, by Raman Spectrometers, ‘IR spectrometers’ complement instrument. This was investigated by quantum and thermoelectric theory and application. A report of Raman spectrometer measurements on jet engine outlet temperatures and gas concentrations was referring to, and the following conclusions made: 1) all Raman modes (the non-GHGs) are temperature/radiation equivalent to ‘IR- active modes with respect to – and complying with – the Boltzmann and Planck’s constant, and quantum spectroscopy theory; 2) in support, H2O’s 3659cm-1 mode is both TE-IR and Raman equivalent – supporting the ‘equipartition’ principle; and CO2’s temperature can be measured by both instruments independently through its shared modes; 3) the special (1%) greenhouse gases, discovered by Tyndall in ca. 1859, are really the thermoelectric gases, detected only by receiving (non-radiating) thermo-electric transducers; 4) ‘IR’ spectroscopy is also based on these thermoelectric transducers, and as a consequence ‘IR’ spectrographs show only the spectra modes with electric dipoles and not Raman; 5) N2, when radiated at its 2338cm-1 mode, is (long lasting) metastable, and is essential to the operation of a CO2 Laser: from this mechanism, it was concluded – contrary to current greenhouse theory – atmospheric CO2 is heated by the same mechanism; 6) all the atmosphere absorbs heat directly from the Sun – just as with the oceanic euphotic layer.
Comments: 101 Pages.
[v1] 2018-04-25 07:22:26
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