Reasons for High Life Expectancy at Birth with Males in Hambantota District in Sri Lanka

Authors: Imesha Rashmini Rathnayaka1, Nivethika Sivakumaran1

Introduction:It has been proven twice that the Hambantota District has the highest life expectancy in male population. This study focused to find and identify reasons for Hambantota District people to have high life expectancy at birth. Methodology: Research was carried out in both qualitative and quantitative phases in five MOH (Medical Health Officer) divisions in Hambantota District. Study focused on 3 age categories, 55-65 Years, 66-75 Years, and above 76 Years. Main objectives and key information areas are Life Style and Social Behaviors, Food Consumption and Diet, Familial Trait and Physical and Mental Health. Results: Majority of the male population have educated up to grade 5 and most are engaged in the agriculture while others engaged in fishery and self-employment etc. Almost everyone reachestheir workplaces by foot or by bicycle. Many of them work less than six hours. They spend their free time with their family members and watch TV. Most of them do not consume alcohol and smoke. Almost everyone take part in social activities. Majority eat red rice for all three meals. Almost everyone eats fish every day. They have a high salt intake. Their parents and ancestors have also have had a high life expectancy. Only a minority suffer from chronic illnesses. They all have a good physical and mental health condition. They spend happy and relaxed lifestyle. Conclusion: Healthy diet, low alcohols consumption and smoking, high iodine intake, physical activeness and their social well being effect for high life expectancy within the male population of selected five MOH divisions in Hambantota District. They have a free and happy life. Genetics of these people also may contribute for high life expectancy. Abundance of neem trees in this area also may effect on their high life expectancy.

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[v1] 2018-04-19 10:07:17

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