Classical Physics


The Free Electron's Magnetic Dipole

Authors: Michael Singer

To quote J. Van Huele and J. Stenson, in their paper “Stern-Gerlach experiments: past, present, and future” (J. Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts & Letters, 2004, 81, 206-212) “Spin is a non-classical duplicity useful for classifying atomic states but not observable with free electrons”. So why is it not observable? Pauli claimed that the interaction of the charged particle with the magnetic field causes an incompressible blurring of the trajectories at least as great as the separation between the spin components. However, free electrons twist and turn in the focussing and directing electromagnetic fields of electron microscopes to give precise focussing to a single dot of less than 22nm.With modern technology Pauli’s claim seems difficult to justify. This paper follows the evidence that spin does not exist in free electrons and considers the consequences that alternative decision. Some further theoretical work is required, but it nevertheless demonstrates that the approach ultimately takes us to a precise value for the neutron’s electric field strength and to the beginnings of an understanding of atomic orbitals and transitions.

Comments: 12 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2018-04-05 01:00:22

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