Relativity and Cosmology


New Four-Dimensional Model and Its Application for Interpreting Fundamentals of Modern Physics

Authors: Ratikanta Das

Important features of our new four-dimensional model are - 1. Our universe is four dimensional filled with two kinds of four dimensional (4D) hyper spherical * particles. 2. Every object in universe moves as wave due to local transverse motion of these 4D particles 3. Fundamental particles are created from these 4D particles when our flat ** three-dimensional space deforms locally along fourth dimension. 4. Fundamental particles have special 4D structures with infinite extent which justifies action at a distance for electromagnetic and gravitational influences 5. Equal magnitude of charges (±e) of fundamental particles of different mass is due to their similar shape (shape and size determines the property of charge and mass respectively). 6. Schrödinger equation and de Broglie hypothesis can be obtained from 4D structure of fundamental particle. 6. The 4D wave pulse of a fundamental particle is more appropriate to resolve wave-particle duality of matter than that done by a wave packet of 3D model. 7. The net energy of the 4D structure of a fundamental particle that is formed satisfying some equilibrium conditions determines it’s mass). 8. The model also describes a four-dimensional classical technique (named as spiral transformation) for conversion of radiation into matter and vice versa. Standard model does not give us a classical picture of this phenomenon. 9. 4D Structures of fundamental particles are responsible for unifying Coulomb force and strong force. This explains why electron-positron pair annihilates but electron-proton pair forms a stable combination and why n-n or p-p combination is unstable in spite of strong attractive force but n-p combination (deuteron) is stable. 10. New model resolves the puzzle behind dual nature of radiation by assuming photon as a 4D hyper surface wave of finite length(There is no single classical picture in traditional physics to describe nature of light, we have to accept both photon model and wave model ).11. Existence of spin quantum number is consistent with extra space dimension. 12 New model also hints how neutron is created from electron and proton.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. * A circle of area πr2 is enclosed by a line of length 2πr and sphere of volume 4/3πr3 is enclosed by a spherical surface of area 4πr2. Similarly a 4D hyper sphere of hyper volume ½ π2r4 is enclosed by a 3D hyper spherical surface of volume 2π2 r3. ** Straight line, plane surface and flat space (volume) have analogous meanings in one, two and three dimensions respectively.

Comments: 17 pages

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[v1] 2018-03-02 04:35:36

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