Authors: Julian Williams
Einstein's Field Equations can be derived from a Lagrangian using Action Principles. At a different level, this paper explores the possibility of gravity being connected to what we define as an "Invariant Spherically Symmetric Four Volume Action Density of Cosmic Wavelength Gravitons". Infinitesimal changes (at least locally) to the Energy Momentum Tensor are required, but with profound effect at cosmic scale: Flatness without Inflation and Exponentially increasing expansion with no need for Dark Energy. This may also relate with the present tension in the different ways of measuring the Hubble parameter.
Comments: 65 Pages.
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