Relativity and Cosmology


General Relativity and Galactic Rotation Velocities

Authors: Capt. Joseph H. Forrington

General Relativity is solely dependent on the apparent difference in the rate of time between frames. This theory therefore attempts to explain what we are seeing in the galactic rotational velocities through relativistic effects in time rather than through Dark Matter. Properly understood, Einstein’s field equations can explain the rotational velocities within flattened spiral galaxies. To that end, this paper clarifies how General Relativity describes the evolution of events and spaces within the continuum, rather than the movement of particles through pre-existing, static, spaces. Gravitational fields, (dilation gradients), have different shapes around different shaped masses. Stellar systems are spherical and events appear to evolve forward at an increasingly accelerated rate as the dilation gradient deepens approaching the center of the system. In flattened spiral galaxies, the gradients act across the broad flat surface of the disk from above and below, evolving objects forward at ~ the same rate of time and hence the same velocity. Because the mass is concentrated in the spiral arms, there is a deeper gradient and particles appear to be accelerated faster than particles between the arms, even though the rate of time is faster between the arms, just as in stellar systems. IBEX failing to find a shock wave at the edge of the heliopause as expected is a proof of the concepts regarding the evolution and nature of the continuum explained here-in, as also might be the “dead zone” discovered by Pioneer 1.

Comments: 4 Pages.

Download: PDF

Submission history

[v1] 2017-12-05 19:21:54 (removed)
[v2] 2017-12-07 23:35:22 (removed)
[v3] 2017-12-17 23:26:34

Unique-IP document downloads: 27 times is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.

Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.

comments powered by Disqus