Relativity and Cosmology


General Relativity & the Evolution of Events: Relativistic Explanations for Galactic Rotational Velocities and the Hubble Shift

Authors: Capt. Joseph H. Forrington

In General Relativity, Einstein translates the differences in the clock rates into angular deflection and velocity. He calls these his "energy" components. So even though GR is based on the Equivalence Principle, the constancy of c and Lorentz contractions, the apparent effects of the time elements should also appear to manifest as a virtual flow in the forward direction of time. That forward direction in a gravitational field is down the dilation gradient. This would account for the fact that gravity only has one direction and why it overpowers the other forces so much. It is an irresistible evolutionary force in time. A proof of the gravitational dynamics developed here is LIGO’S Sept. 14, 2015 detection of a “gravity wave”; a distortion in the rate of time as space stretches and then compresses with accompanying dilation and acceleration in the tick rate, travelling at c through space and distorting space in the physical form of the antenna. This theory therefore attempts to explain what we are seeing in the universe through relativistic effects in time rather than through the Big Bang, Dark Energy and Dark Matter. Properly understood, Einstein’s field equations can explain the rotational velocities within flattened spiral galaxies. To that end, this paper clarifies how General Relativity describes the evolution of events and spaces within the continuum, rather than the movement of particles through pre-existing, static, spaces. Gravitational fields, (dilation gradients), have different shapes around different shaped masses. Stellar systems are spherical and events appear to evolve forward at an increasingly accelerated rate as the dilation gradient deepens approaching the center of the system. In flattened spiral galaxies, the gradients act across the broad flat surface of the disk from above and below, evolving objects forward at ~ the same rate of time and hence the same velocity. IBEX failing to find a shock wave at the edge of the heliopause as expected is a proof of the concepts regarding the evolution and nature of the continuum explained here, as also might be the “dead zone” discovered by Pioneer 1. This theory also attempts to conceptualize dynamics in spacetime by which the CMB could be generated, accelerated, and concentrated, converting the potential energy of the spacetime continuum into real energy and mass. The theory also explains black holes and why our limits of perception within a black hole, and at ~ 13.9 Gly, are due to the limit of relativity, where our perception transitions from time-like to space-like. This is where the dRt, the difference in the rate of time between the inertial frame of the observer and the coordinate frame, = 1 s/s, which occurs both at the event horizon of a black hole and looking outward to the limits of perception. It occurs looking outward because the passage of time requires and includes an acceleration factor. This causes all events to be accelerated in the rate of time as they evolve forward within the continuum, giving older frames progressively slower rates the older they are. This creates a time dilation gradient and the Hubble shift.

Comments: 19 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2017-11-17 21:40:18 (removed)
[v2] 2017-11-19 19:02:50 (removed)
[v3] 2017-12-05 19:09:54 (removed)
[v4] 2017-12-08 09:48:49 (removed)
[v5] 2017-12-17 23:24:01 (removed)
[v6] 2018-02-13 21:13:41 (removed)
[v7] 2018-02-17 00:26:17 (removed)
[v8] 2018-03-12 22:35:10

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