Authors: Frank H. Makinson
The process that produces electromagnetic wave harmonics and heterodynes are assumed to be well understood. The textbook definitions of these terms are being tagged herein as cargo cult science because they are incomplete. The effects these term describe occur when electromagnetic waves, singularly or in combination, interact within a non-linear medium. The textbook descriptions of these terms are based upon fundamental electromagnetic waves, sine waves that represent a single frequency, interactions that occur within electronic devices and interactions that are collinear. Each of these interactions are a special case. Radio astronomers are detecting signals coming from space that have spectral characteristics unlike anything taught in the textbooks. The manner in which textbooks describe EM wave interactions in nonlinear mediums can result in incorrect interpretation of spectral signatures. Radio astronomers need to be aware that artificial modification of the Earth's ionosphere can modify the signals they are detecting coming from celestial sources.
Comments: 4 Pages.
Unique-IP document downloads: 40 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.