Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Socio‐Economic Inequality [SEI] has been of fundamental importance in the birth and evolution of human societies. In essence, it alludes to the different distribution of rights and obligations [and the legitimacy of such distribution/differences] in each society. It is therefore inextricably related to Article 01 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Within the possible forms of SEI, in this text we focus on revising the one that implies the segregation in the urban space of the inhabitants according to their levels of income, usually designated as Spatial Segregation by Income [SSI]. Individualized study of SSI is interesting for architects because it is possible to act on it from almost all scales of architects’ work. From codes that regulate cities to small scale residential projects, through urban plans and different sizes of urban transformations. Our objective with this text is to propose easy indicators and procedure for assessing SSI in urban areas, so usual urban transformations can be designed in a way that always directs our cities towards optimum levels of SSI. Previously, we briefly review the state of the art in Inequality and Segregation, differentiating between general issues regarding SEI and specific issues of Space Segregation. This will allow us to know when it is necessary acting in the urban planning/architectural field and when it is more convenient to implement another type of strategies [mostly political] as limiting housing speculation; improving corporate governance; redistributive policies... Additionally, we use herein explained indicators to review 11 Spanish cities, both to validate indicators’ design and to obtain an overview of current state of Spatial Segregation by Income in Spain. This analysis allows us to propose some strategies to improve Spanish cities’ current situation and prevent non‐desired scenarios in the future.
Comments: 83 Pages.
[v1] 2017-06-28 17:37:05
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