In recent years, the entrance on the scene of sociopolitical climate issues has opened the debate on a new type of migrants including that of environmental migrants. Today, even if the relationship between the environment and migration make gradually its way in international circles, it remains largely unknown to the general public and arouses a little of scientific researchers. If scientists know the phenomenon since the 1970s, it is only in recent years that it has truly become a social issue, political, environmental and a subject of public debate. The objective of this article is to make a place of state of knowledge of the phenomenon through an etiology of debates of different actors. The results reveal that there are a multitude of terms and definitions customary in the different actors who addressed the topic. Different work on environmental migration is subject suffering from a terminological point of view. The classificatory issue addressed by the authors, is multiple and sometimes complementary. Faced with the growing status of the phenomenon and its victims throughout the world in varying degrees, it is urgent to put an end to unnecessary and unfruitful definitional misunderstanding because an action is worth a thousand intentions.
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[v1] 2016-04-05 20:26:57
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