Mind Science


Understanding Social-Force Model in Psychological Principles of Collective Behavior

Authors: Peng Wang

To well understand crowd behavior, microscopic models have been developed in recent decades, in which an individual’s behavioral/psychological status can be modeled and simulated. A well-known model is the social-force model innovated by physical scientists (Helbing and Molnar, 1995; Helbing, Farkas and Vicsek, 2000; Helbing et al., 2002). This model has been widely accepted and mainly used in simulation of crowd evacuation in the past decade. A problem, however, is that the testing results of the model were not explained in consistency with the psychological findings, resulting in misunderstanding of the model by psychologists. This paper will bridge the gap between psychological studies and physical explanation about this model. We interpret this physics-based model from a psychological perspective, clarifying that the model is consistent with psychological studies on stress, including time-related stress and interpersonal stress. The simulation result of the model actually reflects Yerkes–Dodson law, explicating how stress could improve or impair human performances in a collective sense.

Comments: 9 Pages.

Download: PDF

Submission history

[v1] 2015-06-28 04:48:50
[v2] 2016-05-12 13:32:44 (removed)
[v3] 2016-07-24 01:19:45 (removed)
[v4] 2017-05-10 06:28:41
[v5] 2017-09-08 04:54:55
[v6] 2017-09-15 08:34:00 (removed)
[v7] 2017-09-29 09:01:54

Unique-IP document downloads: 250 times

Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.

Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.

comments powered by Disqus