Authors: VT Padmanabhan
It has been known since 1998 that the processing of titanium via chloride route generates persistent organic pollutants like dioxin, furan, poly chlorinated biphenyls etc. The inventory of toixins also includes heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, most of which are carcinogenic and mutagenic. Costly remedial measures have been implemented by the industry in Europe, North America and Japan during the last decade. Prices of titanium products more than doubled due to this. However, it has been business as usual in the Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd, a public sector undertaking and the only producer of titanium dioxide pigment via chloride routein India. With about half a million tons of solid waste containing highly hazardous substances, which will stay in the eco-system, the biosphere and the breast milk for hundreds of years into the future, the industry is neck deep in crisis.
Comments: 10 Pages.
[v1] 2014-11-19 10:39:55
Unique-IP document downloads: 221 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.