This article gives a brief history of the analysis and computation of the mathematical constant π = 3.14159 . . ., including a number of the formulas that have been used to compute π through the ages. Recent developments in this area are then discussed in some detail, including the recent computation of π to over six billion decimal digits using high-order convergent algorithms, and a newly discovered scheme that permits arbitrary individual hexadecimal digits of π to be computed.
Comments: 16 Pages. Published in 1997
[v1] 2014-09-12 10:34:44
Unique-IP document downloads: 138 times
Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.