Authors: Ellida M. Khazen
The problem of filtering of unobservable components x(t) of a multidimensional continuous diffusion Markov process z(t)=(x(t),y(t)), given the observations of the (multidimensional) process y(t) taken at discrete consecutive times with small time steps, is analytically investigated. On the base of that investigation the new algorithms for simulation of unobservable components, x(t), and the new algorithms of nonlinear filtering with the use of sequential Monte Carlo methods, or particle filters, are developed and suggested. The analytical investigation of observed quadratic variations is also developed. The new closed form analytical formulae are obtained, which characterize dispersions of deviations of the observed quadratic variations and the accuracy of some estimates for x(t). As an illustrative example, estimation of volatility (for the problems of financial mathematics) is considered. The obtained new algorithms extend the range of applications of sequential Monte Carlo methods, or particle filters, beyond the hidden Markov models and improve their performance.
Comments: Pages. The paper is being publuished in Cogent Mathematics (2016), 2:1134031. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23311835.2015.1134031
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