Mathematical Physics

   

Navier-Stokes Equations. on the Existence and the Search Method for Global Solutions. \\ Уравнения Навье-Стокса. Существование и метод поиска глобального решения.

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik

In this book we formulate and prove the variational extremum principle for viscous incompressible and compressible fluid, from which principle follows that the Navier-Stokes equations represent the extremum conditions of a certain functional. We describe the method of seeking solution for these equations, which consists in moving along the gradient to this functional extremum. We formulate the conditions of reaching this extremum, which are at the same time necessary and sufficient conditions of this functional global extremum existence. Then we consider the so-called closed systems. We prove that for them the necessary and sufficient conditions of global extremum for the named functional always exist. Accordingly, the search for global extremum is always successful, and so the unique solution of Naviet-Stokes is found. We contend that the systems described by Navier-Stokes equations with determined boundary solutions (pressure or speed) on all the boundaries, are closed systems. We show that such type of systems include systems bounded by impermeable walls, by free space under a known pressure, by movable walls under known pressure, by the so-called generating surfaces, through which the fluid flow passes with a known speed. The book is supplemented by open code programs in the MATLAB system – functions realizing the calculation method and test programs. Links on test programs are given in the text of the book when the examples are described. // Формулируется и доказывается вариационный принцип экстремума для вязкой несжимаемой и сжимаемой жидкости, из которого следует, что уравнения Навье-Стокса являются условиями экстремума некоторого функционала. Описывается метод поиска решения этих уравнений, который состоит в движении по градиенту к экстремуму этого функционала. Формулируются условия достижения этого экстремума, которые являются одновременно необходимыми и достаточными условиями существования глобального экстремума этого функционала. Книга дополняется открытыми кодами программам в системе MATLAB – функциями, реализующими расчетный метод, и тестовыми программами.

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[v1] 2014-03-09 10:41:32

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