Quantum Physics

   

Creating the Familiar Periodic Table via Electron Orbital Filling

Authors: Joel M Williams

While the periodic table arrangement is usefully interpreted in columns of similar behavior, it is erroneous to imply that the underlying orbitals are the same for all the elements in each column of a block. It is important to understand that much of the sub-orbital information has been excluded! From the standpoint of chemistry, the “rule of eight” would have provided better imagery on which to build an orbital system than was Bohr’s orb-turned-sphere. A sphere is useless from a chemical standpoint. Hybridization should not have to occur to explain the simplest of molecules. Simplicity would have the electrons occupying orbital spaces that are similar in shape. Only three orbital types are actually needed to describe the electron packing configurations of the elements. Octahedral, square-planar, and pyramidal coordination complexes of the transition elements follow logically without the need of hybridizing. This brief paper describes a rational packing of electrons around an atomic nucleus that ends up mimicking the familiar extended periodic table when compressed to similar behavior.

Comments: 7 Pages.

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Submission history

[v1] 2012-11-28 22:15:30

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