Authors: Joel M Williams
While the periodic table arrangement is usefully interpreted in columns of similar behavior, it is erroneous to imply that the underlying orbitals are the same for all the elements in each column of a block. It is important to understand that much of the sub-orbital information has been excluded! From the standpoint of chemistry, the “rule of eight” would have provided better imagery on which to build an orbital system than was Bohr’s orb-turned-sphere. A sphere is useless from a chemical standpoint. Hybridization should not have to occur to explain the simplest of molecules. Simplicity would have the electrons occupying orbital spaces that are similar in shape. Only three orbital types are actually needed to describe the electron packing configurations of the elements. Octahedral, square-planar, and pyramidal coordination complexes of the transition elements follow logically without the need of hybridizing. This brief paper describes a rational packing of electrons around an atomic nucleus that ends up mimicking the familiar extended periodic table when compressed to similar behavior.
Comments: 7 Pages.
[v1] 2012-11-28 22:15:30
Unique-IP document downloads: 355 times
Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.