The present review aims to study the prospects and opportunities of introducing vegetable oils and their derivatives as fuel in diesel engines. Some fuel properties are always available in vegetable oils. In this investigation Cottonseed oil, Mosna oil and Sesame oil are chosen for producing biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engine. Fuel-related properties of these oils are reviewed and compared with those of conventional diesel fuel. Biodiesel is produced by transesterifying the oil with an alcohol such as methanol under mild conditions in the presence of a base catalyst. Satisfactory amount of biodiesel is produced from Cottonseed oil at 3:1M ratio of methanol and oil. Biodiesel from cottonseed oil has various fuel properties which are similar to diesel. The cost of biodiesel production is also analyzed. This paper discusses in a general a perspective of biodiesel.
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[v1] 2012-08-19 10:53:00
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