## Generalized Quantum Impedances: A Background Independent Model for the Unstable Particles

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

The discovery of exact impedance quantization in the quantum Hall effect was greatly facilitated by scale invariance. This letter explores the possibility that quantum impedances may be generalized, defined not just for the Lorentz force and the quantum Hall effect, but rather for all forces, resulting in a precisely structured network of scale dependent and scale invariant impedances. If the concept of generalized quantum impedances correctly describes the physical world, then such impedances govern how energy is transmitted and reflected, how the hydrogen atom is ionized by a 13.6eV photon, or why the pizero branching ratio is what it is. An impedance model of the electron is presented, and explored as a model for the unstable particles.

**Comments:** 5 Pages. corrected photon energy in figure 2

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### Submission history

[v1] 2012-07-05 11:21:00

[v2] 2012-09-21 12:14:43

[v3] 2012-10-24 05:08:19

[v4] 2012-11-18 13:17:31

[v5] 2012-12-18 12:13:10

[v6] 2013-01-01 02:22:16

[v7] 2013-04-20 09:59:19

[v8] 2013-04-26 11:09:42

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