**Authors:** Dan Visser

This paper presents a set of equations, as well as further derivations and calculations, to present dark matter in an alternative cosmology. The alternative is: The Universe did not start with the Big Bang, but is a recalculated Double Torus Universe of dark energy and dark matter. The calculations within this framework show a dark matter-particle, which has the shape of a smallest possible Double Torus, and has a constant diameter of R ≈ 0.712 x 10^-22 [m] at where it exists. At this length the lowest acceleration for Newton gravity becomes a dark matter-acceleration; the Newton force then changes into a lowest dark matter force. This paper shows both forces are embedded in a united ‘new dark energy force’. In the transition of Newton gravity to dark matter gravity, the new dark energy force has a value of 10^-116 kg^4s^2. Accordingly another calculation reveals this force is a ‘force to recalculate space-time itself’. Further calculations also enable to mark dark matter mass with a value of ≈ 2.8 keV/c^2. Again accordingly the dark matter-density (in kg/m) is ≈ 71 gram per 1 million-km (≈1/149 the distance to the sun, or more than three times the distance from Earth to Moon). The dark energy force uses extra time-arrows from an under-laying time-domain of conventional space-time’. This directly gives evidence to the perception gravity is not fundamental. In general this paper relates dark matter mass, new dark energy force and the level where Newton gravity and dark matter meet each other; specifically in that level space-time is recalculated. Moreover an alternative perception of the Higgs-field is given, related to this recalculation.

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[v1] 2012-06-07 15:07:57

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