## Foundations of Physics: Edward Witten Versus Joy Christian Versus Stephen Wolfram

**Authors:** David Brown

The pioneers of string theory have not convinced such critics as Philip Anderson, Sheldon Glashow, Robert B. Laughlin, and Burton Richter. Does nondeterministic M-theory need to be replaced by deterministic M-theory according to the ideas of J. Christian? Does nondeterministic M-theory need to be replaced by modified M-theory with Wolfram’s mobile automaton operating on a network of information below the Planck scale? If X is to M-theory as Kepler’s laws are to Newton’s theory of gravity, then what is X? There is overwhelming empirical evidence in favor of the Rañada-Milgrom effect because of two things: (1) the work of Milgrom, McGaugh, and Kroupa and (2) an easy scaling argument. Are the ideas of Witten, Christian, and Wolfram essential for understanding Milgrom’s acceleration law in terms of the foundations of physics?

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

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### Submission history

[v1] 2012-05-17 09:03:32

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