High Energy Particle Physics


The W + Z = T Gauge Boson and Top Quark Experimental Mass and Energy Equality

Authors: Malcolm H. Mac Gregor

Experimentally, the sum of the W and Z gauge boson masses is equal to the top quark t mass, to an accuracy of better than 1%. This unexpected mass relationship has no Standard Model explanation. It can be related to a precision mass equality in Fermilab and CERN proton-antiproton collision experiments, and to an empirical mass relation between the top-quark and the electron that ties together the lightest and heaviest particle states to 0.1% accuracy. These results, which do not appear to be accidental, can be used as a guide in classifying high-energy particle states. Since these relationships are between different types of particle states, they logically involve the particle energies E = mc^2 rather than their masses, since energies represent a universal property that is essentially independent of particle types and quantum numbers. Particle energies E are proportional to particle inertial masses m. The Standard Model quark energies correspond to constituent-quark masses. The experimental mass/energy relationships mentioned here can be fitted into a comprehensive particle generation formalism based on factor-of-137 kinetic-energy-to-particle-energy transformations in related boson, fermion and gauge boson energy production channels.

Comments: 15 pages, including 6 displays of experimental data systematics

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Submission history

[v1] 2012-03-15 17:23:46

Unique-IP document downloads: 164 times

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