**Authors:** Matti Pitkänen

There are pressing motivations for understanding the preferred extremals of Kähler action. For instance, the conformal invariance of string models naturally generalizes to 4-D invariance defined by quantum Yangian of quantum affine algebra (Kac-Moody type algebra) characterized by two complex coordinates and therefore explaining naturally the effective 2-dimensionality. One problem is how to assign a complex coordinate with the string world sheet having Minkowskian signature of metric. One can hope that the understanding of preferred extremals could allow to identify two preferred complex coordinates whose existence is also suggested by number theoretical vision giving preferred role for the rational points of partonic 2-surfaces in preferred coordinates. The best one could hope is a general solution of field equations in accordance with the hints that TGD is integrable quantum theory.

A lot is is known about properties of preferred extremals and just by trying to integrate all this understanding, one might gain new visions. The problem is that all these arguments are heuristic and rely heavily on physical intuition. The following considerations relate to the space-time regions having Minkowskian signature of the induced metric. The attempt to generalize the construction also to Euclidian regions could be very rewarding. Only a humble attempt to combine various ideas to a more coherent picture is in question.

The core observations and visions are following.

- Hamilton-Jacobi coordinates for M
^{4}> define natural preferred coordinates for Minkowskian space-time sheet and might allow to identify string world sheets for X^{4}as those for M^{4}. Hamilton-Jacobi coordinates consist of light-like coordinate m and its dual defining local 2-plane M^{2}⊂ M^{4}and complex transversal complex coordinates (w,w*) for a plane E^{2}_{x}orthogonal to M^{2}_{x}at each point of M^{4}. Clearly, hyper-complex analyticity and complex analyticity are in question. - Space-time sheets allow a slicing by string world sheets (partonic 2-surfaces) labelled by partonic 2-surfaces (string world sheets).
- The quaternionic planes of octonion space containing preferred hyper-complex plane are labelled by CP
_{2}, which might be called CP_{2}^{mod}. The identification CP_{2}=CP_{2}^{mod}motivates the notion of M^{8}--M^{4}× CP_{2}. It also inspires a concrete solution ansatz assuming the equivalence of two different identifications of the quaternionic tangent space of the space-time sheet and implying that string world sheets can be regarded as strings in the 6-D coset space G_{2}/SU(3). The group G_{2}of octonion automorphisms has already earlier appeared in TGD framework. - The duality between partonic 2-surfaces and string world sheets in turn suggests that the CP
_{2}=CP_{2}^{mod}conditions reduce to string model for partonic 2-surfaces in CP_{2}=SU(3)/U(2). String model in both cases could mean just hypercomplex/complex analyticity for the coordinates of the coset space as functions of hyper-complex/complex coordinate of string world sheet/partonic 2-surface.

The considerations of this section lead to a revival of an old very ambitious and very romantic number theoretic idea.

- To begin with express octonions in the form o=q
_{1}+Iq_{2}, where q_{i}is quaternion and I is an octonionic imaginary unit in the complement of fixed a quaternionic sub-space of octonions. Map preferred coordinates of H=M^{4}× CP_{2}to octonionic coordinate, form an arbitrary octonion analytic function having expansion with real Taylor or Laurent coefficients to avoid problems due to non-commutativity and non-associativity. Map the outcome to a point of H to get a map H→ H. This procedure is nothing but a generalization of Wick rotation to get an 8-D generalization of analytic map. - Identify the preferred extremals of Kähler action as surfaces obtained by requiring the vanishing of the imaginary part of an octonion analytic function. Partonic 2-surfaces and string world sheets would correspond to commutative sub-manifolds of the space-time surface and of imbedding space and would emerge naturally. The ends of braid strands at partonic 2-surface would naturally correspond to the poles of the octonion analytic functions. This would mean a huge generalization of conformal invariance of string models to octonionic conformal invariance and an exact solution of the field equations of TGD and presumably of quantum TGD itself.

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

**Download:** **PDF**

[v1] 1 Nov 2011

[v2] 2012-01-30 09:29:29

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 84 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful. *