## Spherical Electron from 'quark' Magnetic Monopole

**Authors:** Malcolm Macleod

Proposed is a geometrical formula for a dimensionless magnetic monopole constructed from Planck time, elementary charge, -c and alpha, the fine structure constant. A formula for the electron may be constructed from these monopoles, this formula suggests that the charge distribution of the electron is perfectly symmetrical. As this monopole comprises a 1/3rd part of electron charge, it is analogous to the quark which in turn suggests that the basis for all charge is this monopole, consequently, although charges may have opposite polarity, their magnitudes must be equivalent, the differences between the proton and electron for example being geometrical rather than physical. A temperature particle labeled the 'kelvon' is proposed. Furthermore, these formulas suggest a Mathematical Universe constructed from Planck units, wave-particle duality becoming a wave-state to Planck point-state oscillation.

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 4 Nov 2011

[v2] 2013-10-09 11:32:06

[v3] 2014-04-10 07:09:16

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 383 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*