**Authors:** Tim Jones

Transcendence of a number implies the irrationality of powers of a
number, but in the case of π there are no separate proofs that powers
of π are irrational. We investigate this curiosity. Transcendence proofs
for e involve what we call Hermite's technique; for π's transcendence
Lindemann's adaptation of Hermite's technique is used. Hermite's
technique is presented and its usage is demonstrated with irrationality
proofs of e and powers of e. Applying Lindemann's adaptation
to a complex polynomial, π is shown to be irrational. This use of
a complex polynomial generalizes and powers of π are shown to be
irrational. The complex polynomials used involve roots of i and yield
regular polygons in the complex plane. One can use graphs of these
polygons to visualize various mechanisms used to proof π^{2}, π^{3}, and π^{4}
are irrational. The transcendence of π and e are easy generalizations
from these irrational cases.

**Comments:**
17 pages.

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[v1] 28 Feb 2011

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