## Can the Universe be Represented by a Superposition of Spacetime Manifolds?

**Authors:** Raymond Jensen

In this article it is argued, that the universe cannot be modeled as a space-time manifold. A theorem of
geometry provides that null geodesics on a space-time manifold which begin at the same point with the same initial
tangent vector are unique. But in reality, light originating from a single point with a given initial direction does not travel
along a unique null geodesic path when a massive object attracts it, in particular when the massive object is in an
indefinite location. Therefore, the universe cannot be described as a space-time manifold. It is then argued that the
universe is a superposition of space-time manifolds, where the manifolds form a Hilbert space over the complex numbers.

**Comments:** 15 pages, To appear in 2011 SPESIF Proceedings.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 29 Nov 2010

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 222 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*