## Can the Universe be Represented by a Superposition of Spacetime Manifolds?

**Authors:** Raymond Jensen

In this article it is argued, that the universe cannot be modeled as a space-time manifold. A theorem of
geometry provides that null geodesics on a space-time manifold which begin at the same point with the same initial
tangent vector are unique. But in reality, light originating from a single point with a given initial direction does not travel
along a unique null geodesic path when a massive object attracts it, in particular when the massive object is in an
indefinite location. Therefore, the universe cannot be described as a space-time manifold. It is then argued that the
universe is a superposition of space-time manifolds, where the manifolds form a Hilbert space over the complex numbers.

**Comments:** 15 pages, To appear in 2011 SPESIF Proceedings.

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### Submission history

[v1] 29 Nov 2010

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