We identify an observer frame error which influenced physics at a critical time. Refraction due to relative media motion was considered from the incorrect inertial frame for Stellar Aberration by Lodge (1893) after Michelson's null result, giving a light path 'dragged' from the refractive plane normal by the incident medium. But in the frame of the new medium (Earth) the light path refracts back towards the normal. Jones's (1970) spinning glass disk experiment inherited that wrong observer frame. We find that using correct rotating observer frames is consistent with Special Relativity (SR) and that the error erroneously falsified the Stokes/Fresnel frame 'drag' theory supported by Michelsons finding, producing incorrect assumptions and paradox. We extend Young's experiment and consider the Huygens-Fresnel Principle, wave/particle coupling, extinction, and shocks, finding quantum vacuum field implications. SR's postulates are confirmed but important domain limits emerge at Maxwell's near/far field transition zone. A quantum mechanism giving mutually exclusive hierarchical inertial systems derives SR. We find extra predictive powers, symmetries and the ability to resolve perceived paradox and anomalies. New perspectives on Stokes, Raman and beyond arise from a local reality model using Einstein's 1952 view that 'space' is actually; "infinitely many spaces in relative motion."
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