Authors: Peter Jackson
Lensing at cluster MACSJ1149.5+2223 extends previous anomalous lensing delays to over three years, indicating gravitational mass concentrations significantly higher than expectation. This continued problem has lead a leading astronomer to comment; "This implies that we're either missing some physics in our simulations, or we may need to modify our cosmological model." A conceptual model of wave particle interaction at the Earth's plasmaspheric bow shock, the heliosheath and the galactic halo is postulated and tested, considering effects on Pioneer and Voyager, and within particle accelerators. A conceptual quantum mechanical resolution for this via Doppler shifting of EM waves by scattering is proposed, with implications for Dark Matter, consistent with Maxwell-Einstein's weak field equivalence. This also derives a fuller explanation of apparent superluminal motion within astrophysical jets using the postulates of Special Relativity. The historical background to this 'Discrete Field' model (DFM) is identified, further predictions are derived, and wider implications considered.
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