## λ=h/p is Universal?

**Authors:** Z.Y. Wang

de Broglie formula to photons in an unbounded space is E=hν and λ=h/p. According to
electrodynamics, nevertheless,we prove the ratio E/p in a waveguide is greater than the product νλ
which implies E=hν and p=h/λ cannot be tenable at the same time. Then the Casimir effect is applied
to confirm E=hν and p<h/λ. It is helpful to study quantum tunnelling and superluminality[1]~[2],
Cavity-QED, origin of mass, etc. The microwave experiment to test is also presented.

**Comments:** 6 pages.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 11 Dec 2009

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 80 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*