Authors: John A. Gowan
The application of the global-local gauge symmetry concept to the weak force is implemented in this paper as follows (each force requires a unique treatment of this issue): "Local symmetry" refers to the transformation, creation, or destruction of a single elementary particle (such as a lepton or quark). Single-particle transformations are the special purview of the weak force: other forces create only particle-antiparticle pairs. "Global symmetry" refers to the universal standard of mass/charge/spin/etc. to which the transformed or newly created particle must conform: all elementary particles ever created must be exactly the same as others of their kind. The universal electron field (the set of all electrons) for example, represents a global standard to which any new electron must conform. Accomplishing this feat in practice requires the mediation of the Higgs boson and the weak force IVBs (Intermediate Vector Bosons) - and provides the rationale for their huge masses. The Higgs sets the mass scale for the IVBs, and the IVBs perform the transformations. The great mass of the IVBs recreates the original energy density at which the elementary particles in question were originally created during the "Big Bang". Thus every electron is forged from the same mould, and every weak force transformation is a mini- "Big Bang". In the case of the "W" family of IVBs, this energy density corresponds to the electroweak force-unification energy threshold. At this energy all leptons have merged their specific identities into a collective leptonic "genus", and likewise the quarks have merged their identities into a collective hadron "genus". Within each "genus", transformations of identity between one lepton and another lepton, or between one quark and another quark, are readily accomplished due to their merged identities. The exchange of energy and charge between the local single particle being transformed, and the global "generic" state of the electroweak force-unification energy state represented by the IVBs, comprises a "local gauge symmetry current" composed of virtual particle-antiparticle pairs which are derived from the Dirac/Heisenberg "vacuum" of spacetime. The "vacuum of spacetime" is the ultimate reservoir of particle charge, mass and any other conserved parameters of elementary particles (which exist in the vacuum as virtual particle-antiparticle pairs), but the "vacuum" must be energized to a specific level by the weak force IVBs to achieve the globally invariant "standard of perfection" demanded by energy, charge, and symmetry conservation in an entropically driven universe of relative as well as absolute motion.
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