Authors: John A. Gowan
The rationale for gravity begins with the creation of the Cosmos - the negative energy of gravity is necessary to balance the positive energy of the "Big Bang", so that the "Creation Event" requires zero net energy. For similar reasons, antimatter is also required to balance the charges of matter so that creation occurs from a state of zero net charge. Beginning in a condition of complete neutrality (perhaps as a giant quantum fluctuation of the vacuum, an "inflationary bubble", or by Divine Fiat), the Universe can only subsequently evolve into a state of complete conservation. Following on from its primary role of providing negative energy during the "Big Bang", gravity plays two further major conservation roles in the evolving universe: 1) energy conservation (at all gravitational field strengths) via the creation of bound energy's (matter's) time or historical dimension and temporal entropy drive; 2) symmetry conservation (at stellar and higher gravitational field strengths) via the conversion of bound to free energy (mass to light) in stars, quasars, and related astrophysical processes, and ultimately, via Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. These secondary conservation roles, manifesting as the gravitational conversion of space to time and the gravitational conversion of bound to free energy, are natural consequences of the mode of action of gravity's primary role, which is the creation of negative energy and entropy via the contraction and destruction of space (creating time), in contradistinction to the creation and expansion of space by the positive energy and entropy of light. The relationship of gravity to the other forces is through "Noether's Theorem" of symmetry conservation: all charges and their forces originate as symmetry debts of light. The gravitational "location" charge of mass (Gm), whose active principle is time, represents the symmetry debt arising from the (lost) "non-local" distributional symmetry of free energy, a debt incurred whenever free electromagnetic energy (light) is converted to bound electromagnetic energy (mass): hv = mcc. Gravity pays the entropy-"interest" on the symmetry debt of matter by creating a time dimension for bound energy in which charge conservation can have an historical expression and causal significance. This conversion of space to time, as on planet Earth, does not vanish either mass or the gravitational field (hence the analogy with "interest"). Gravity pays the energy-"principle" on the symmetry debt of matter by converting mass to light (in stars and related astrophysical processes) - which vanishes both mass and its associated gravitational field (hence the analogy with "principle"). The first reaction causes a deceleration of the spatial expansion of the Cosmos, while the second causes an acceleration (as recently observed).
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