## The Weak Force "Identity" Charge

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

"Noether's Theorem" states that in a continuous multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), where one finds a symmetry one will find an associated conservation law, and vice versa. In matter, light's symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, by inertial and gravitational forces. Neutrinos carry "identity" charge (aka "number" or "flavor" charge), the symmetry debt of light's "anonymity". The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light.

**Comments:** 14 Pages. Adding summary of "identity charge" functions.

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 11 Nov 2009

[v2] 23 Feb 2010

[v3] 16 May 2010

[v4] 17 Nov 2010

[v5] 7 Oct 2011

[v6] 2011-11-30 12:26:44

[v7] 2011-12-14 09:08:58

[v8] 2012-12-11 21:58:02

[v9] 2014-12-02 16:38:44

**Unique-IP document downloads:** 191 times

**Add your own feedback and questions here:**

*You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.*

*
*