Authors: John A. Gowan
The rationale for gravity begins with the creation of the Cosmos - the negative energy of gravity is necessary to balance the positive energy of the "Big Bang", so that the "Creation Event" requires zero net energy. This is the time when gravity is joined with the other forces in equal strength, and bound energy (mass) is created from free energy (light) and the structural metric of spacetime. Initially, bound energy is in the form of matter-antimatter pairs, so that creation is initiated from a state of zero net charge as well as zero net energy. Beginning in such a state of complete neutrality (perhaps as a giant quantum fluctuation of the "vacuum", an "inflationary bubble", or Divine Fiat), the Universe can only evolve into a state of complete conservation. ("Creation" scenarios take place within the "Multiverse".) Following on from its primary role of providing negative energy during the "Big Bang", gravity plays two further major conservation roles in the evolving universe: 1) the conversion of space to time (the role we see on Earth); 2) the conversion of bound to free energy (in stars and via Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes). The first role conserves the entropy drive ("intrinsic motion") of light (free electromagnetic energy); the second role conserves light's "non-local" distributional and metric symmetry (obeying Noether's Theorem). These secondary conservation roles are natural consequences of the mode of action of gravity's primary role, which is the creation of negative energy and entropy via the contraction and destruction of space (creating time), in contradistinction to the expansion and creation of space by the positive energy and entropy of light's intrinsic motion.
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