## Dark Particles (Black Holes with the Reduced Planck Mass) Answers Dark Energy

**Authors:** John L. Haller Jr.

This paper argues a hypothetical "dark" particle (a black hole with the reduced Planck mass)
gives a simple explanation to the open question of dark energy and has a relic density of only
17% more than the commonly accepted value. By considering an additional near horizon boundary of
the black hole, set by its quantum length, the black hole can obtain an arbitrary temperature.
Black body radiation is still present and fits as the source of the Universe's missing energy.
Support for this hypothesis is offered by showing a stationary solution to the black hole's
length scale is the same if derived from a quantum analysis in continuous time, a quantum analysis
in discrete time, or a general relativistic analysis.

**Comments:** 9 pages

**Download:** **PDF**

### Submission history

[v1] 8 Sep 2009

[v2] 7 Oct 2010

[v3] 20 Jan 2011

[v4] 6 Apr 2011

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