High Energy Particle Physics


Particle Mass Levels

Authors: Bernard Riley

Particles occupy mass levels and sublevels within two sequences that descend in geometric progression from the Planck Mass. The common ratios of the sequences are r1=1/π and r2=2/π. Sublevels are arranged in subsequences of common ratio r1/p, where p is a power of 2. Concise graphical evidence is provided for the sequences. Atomic nuclei with 2≤A≤10, α-particle nuclei with A≤20, all nuclei of double magic number, many ground state hadrons, the weak gauge bosons and the charged leptons are shown to occupy mass levels and sublevels characterised by small p. The mass levels and sublevels constitute a framework upon which broken symmetries are displayed.

Comments: 10 pages

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Submission history

[v1] 1 Sep 2009

Unique-IP document downloads: 169 times

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